Recommend for use in Clivus Multrum systems as the starter bed for new composting systems setup and days use.
15kg Bale — Wood Shavings
Packaging: Water-resistant plastic bales
100% produced from kiln dried NZ pine
Sustainable renewable resource
High hygroscopic qualities
Composting with CARBON/NITROGEN (C:N) RATIO
Human waste has a carbon to nitrogen ratio less than 10 parts carbon, whereas the optimum C:N ratio for composting human de-jecta (waste) is 20-30 parts carbon. A bulking agent with a high C:N ratio is therefore preferred, as this allows a smaller quantity of the agent to be used in comparison with other materials.
Representative ratios for commonly available bulking agents are shown below to indicate the relative ability of the materials to provide additional carbon.
BULKING AGENT (DRY) CARBON/NITROGEN (C:N) RATIO;
• 650 Softwood shavings
• 550 Hardwood shavings
• 500 Newsprint
• 500 Softwood bark
• 450 Sawdust
• 130 Wheat straw
• 120 Rice hulls
• 80 Straw - general
• 60 Leaves and shrub trimmings
• 20 Grass clippings
• 20 Hay
• 20 Vegetable scraps